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The Air and Water

In the world there are two things that do not belong to any one country. They are the air and water. And both of them are very polluted.

that do not belong to any one country : 關係代名詞
關係代名詞: 當S不可省
PS 代替事物的關係代名詞==> which & that

    The air is polluted by smoke from factories, It's also becoming dirtier because of  more cars and airplanes, 

air pollute
water pollute
PS:pollute (V)    
         pollution (N) 汙染


    The water is also polluted . Water in rivers and lakes is polluted by waste from homes and factories. Water in the oceans is polluted by ships.

   is also polluted => 被動式
Be+ Ving   => 進行式
Be+過去分詞 => 過去式

(water )   in the oceans 修飾 water

is       polluted     by       ships 
be + 過去分詞  + by  = 過去分詞 

     Though the air and water do not belong to any on country, pollution in one country does affect the lives of people ing other countries. Pollution is one of the most important international problems

does affect  => 肯定句中的助動詞 do   does   did  為了加強語氣
one of the most inportant international problems  => one of + 複數名詞   其中之一


    Somenting must be done soon about the dirty air and water that are shared by everyone. you will probably be here on earth for many years. Your children and grandchildren will live here even longer, Everyone in all countries, must help to clean up our earth's air and water.

are shared by   => be + 過去分詞  + by  = 過去分詞 
for many years => for + 一段時間


Comprehension Test:
(  )1. which of the following is one of the most importand international problem. 
(A) Pet control  (B) Pollution (C) TV programs (D) Too much homework

(  )2. Who can help clean the air and water ?
(A) Nobody (B) Everybody (C) Homes (D) Factories

(  )3. What pollutes water in the rivers and lakes?
(A) Trees and grasses. (B) Wildlife (C) Waste form factories (D) Home life

(  )4. Why is the air becoming more polluted?
(A) More people are breathing the air   (B) There is less air on earth than before
(C) People are living longer than before  (D) There are more cars and airplanes than before.

(  )5. Which of the following is most likely to solve pollution problems for our future world?
(A) Cars and airplanes (B) Ships and boats (C) Homes and factories (D) Everyone

ANS : BBCDD 




                                          以上資料取自  三民書局 英文1 宋美璍● 陳長房 編
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